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Causes, Symptoms, Surgery and Other Treatments of Diverticulitis and Diverticulosis


Causes, Symptoms, Surgery and Other Treatments of Diverticulitis and Diverticulosis

What is Diverticulitis?

In some cases, small bulging pouches, known as diverticula, begin to grow in the colon and this condition is called diverticulosis. If an infection or inflammation develops in these bags, it is called diverticulitis.

Symptoms of Diverticulosis and Diverticulitis

Diverticulosis has no external symptoms or high symptoms, whereas diverticulitis tends to show more pronounced signs. For example, you may feel bulky, sudden chills, mild fever and diarrhea, as well as intense painful pain and a sensitive feeling on the left side of your lower stomach.

What Causes Diverticulum to Form?

Medical science has not yet revealed the direct cause of diverticulum formation in the colon. However, many medical experts believe that the diverticulum tends to occur when the high pressure zones within the column are pressed against weak points within the column wall. Most cases of diverticulum are found mainly in the sigmoid colon, the lower region of the large intestine.

What is the Diagnostic Procedure?

In most cases, the patient is diagnosed with diverticulosis when he or she visits a doctor for another disease, primarily because diverticulosis does not cause very pronounced symptoms.

The growth of the diverticulum can only be seen by a colonoscopy or an X-ray. However, if diverticulitis causes great pain, doctors will ask for a CT scan of the pelvic region and abdomen to examine the inflammation.

Causes, Symptoms, Surgery and Other Treatments of Diverticulitis and Diverticulosis ile ilgili görsel sonucu

What is the difference between diverticulosis and diverticulitis?

Diverticulosis is a relatively common disease and most affected patients are unaware of their presence in their bodies. Studies show that approximately 50% of individuals over 60 years have diverticulosis, but more than 25% do not tend to contract diverticulitis.

Diverticulitis occurs when the diverticulum, which is basically tiny bags, is filled with waste material and becomes inflamed. This causes the intestinal wall to rupture and spread infection to other body organs.

How is diverticulosis treated?

In most cases, diverticulosis patients have no symptoms, so no treatment is recommended. However, they are advised to start a strong prevention regimen by adding higher fiber foods to their diet, taking some strong fiber supplements to prevent constipation and the growth of diverticulum.

When Diverticulitis Causes Mild Pain

Patients suffering from mild pain in the abdomen are treated with anti-spasmodic drugs such as dicholomine (Benthil), atropine (lomotil), phenobarbital, chlordiazepoxide (librax), scopolamine hyociyamine (levsin) and diphenoxylate.

Causes, Symptoms, Surgery and Other Treatments of Diverticulitis and Diverticulosis ile ilgili görsel sonucu

Diverticulitis Treatment

If you start experiencing mild symptoms of stomach cramps, mild fever and stomach pain, the doctor will recommend some antibiotics to eliminate the symptoms. However, if the pain is more severe, the doctor is likely to give you a completely liquid diet to heal the intestine and colon.

If the pain is almost unbearable, the fever is severe, and if you don’t seem to drink any fluids, you can be hospitalized, prohibited from drinking or eating any type of drink, and you will follow an appropriate course of intravenous antibiotics.

What is Diverticular Hemorrhage and How Does It Occur?

Diverticular hemorrhage occurs when a hole arises between a blood vessel and a sac, and can be detected if you see a large amount of blood in the toilet while pooping.

Bleeding tends to disappear on its own and there is no pain associated with it. In some cases, however, bleeding increases too much, and doctors are forced to perform surgery or transfusion. If you experience such bleeding, do not delay any consultation with your doctor.

Can any complications occur?

In some cases, inflammation within the diverticulum can cause a rupture of the intestinal wall, pus, which can infiltrate inside your stomach, causing a painful infection in your abdominal cavity. It also increases your risk of developing bowel obstruction, abscesses and fistula, which is basically an opening between the urinary tract and the intestines.

When Surgery Is Required

In the example, diverticulitis cannot be found and healed by drugs, it must be operated on the surgical table. This involves removing the diverticulum from the colon and evacuating all inflammation from the abdomen.

If a patient experiences severe and recurrent diverticulitis bleeding, the bleeding diverticulum should be removed. Some cases of bowel obstruction are also treated surgically. And finally, if there is a diverticulum that spreads into the bladder and causes a permanent infection of the urinary tract and causes gas when urinating, a surgery is required.

Prevention of Diverticulitis?

The best way to treat the diverticulum is to prevent it from occurring at first, because once they are formed in your colon, the diverticules remain here. In addition, there is no effective treatment or treatment that can help improve the cases of complex and complex diverticular diseases.

However, high fiber intake prevents you from all troubles by preventing constipation and making sure you have a large and healthy stool every day. Little is known about foods that may worsen the condition of diverticulitis, but research has shown that eating high-fiber foods can effectively prevent diverticulum formation.

Make sure you drink plenty of water and follow a regular exercise regimen to experience healthy bowel movements and physical fitness.

Can Fibers Help Prevent This Disease?

The study reveals that a low-fiber diet is common in patients with diverticulosis, but the exact cause behind this connection is unknown.

However, there are clear indications that increasing the fiber content in your diet leads to a sharp reduction in the risk of diverticulum development in the colon and prevents bowel diseases such as constipation.

Fiber Rich Foods

There are countless sources of delicious natural fiber and you don’t have to look any further than your local grocery store. Fresh fruits, vegetables, whole grains and legumes such as lentils, peas and beans are the best and richest sources of fiber.

You can even enjoy a delicious treat with whole wheat pasta and brown rice instead of the normal white ones. Enjoy your favorite foods like spaghetti, pizza, soup and stew, and if you do it wisely, they will eat healthy by adding too many vegetables and beans to your recipes, for example.

The ideal and recommended daily fiber dose is 20-35 grams.

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