Growing Chickpeas: How to Grow Chickpeas and Care for Them
Growing chickpeas is not a difficult process, but it takes a little longer than other vegetables you would grow in containers like lettuce. More commonly known as garbanzo beans, this is a cold season that takes just over three months (100 days) to reach their harvest points. In contrast, you will need to care for this plant for a little longer than most in your garden to ensure you get a good crop. You will get a soft legume that is neither peas nor beans, but versatile. They grow on a bushy plant up to 18 inches tall and have dark green, compound leaflets.
When growing chickpeas, you will notice that they have oblong, swollen pods that are nearly an inch long and one inch long. Each pod has single or double large pea-like seeds that are cream in color. They bloom violet or white, depending on the variety. I’ll outline everything you need to know about growing chickpeas to help you get a full harvest, and give you a few tips to help keep them healthy. As this plant needs a longer growing season, let’s go inside.
Growing chickpeas is slightly different from growing other types of legumes or vegetables. It takes longer, but under the right conditions, you can reap big harvests. They can last up to a year frozen, so they’re a great addition to any home diet. Image Credit: Chickpea, Jennifer / CC BY-NC-ND 2.0
- The History of Chickpeas
- Growing Chickpeas – Step-by-Step Guide
- General Growing Information
- Step One – Planting Your Chickpea Seeds
- Step Two – Transplant Your Seedlings
- Step Three – Harvesting Your Chickpeas
- Growing Chickpeas – General Care Guidelines
- Create a Regular Watering Schedule
- Mulch as Needed
- Carefully Fertilize the Plants
- Handle with Care
- Manage Pests Quickly
- Keep an Eye Out for Disease Signs
- Uses for Chickpeas
- Bottom Line
The History of Chickpeas
Did you know that growing chickpeas goes back thousands of years? They are the oldest legumes cultivated. About 7,500-year-old chickpea remains have been discovered in the Middle East. Ruins Çayönü, have been found in Turkey and Jerico aseramik level. This means that people have been growing chickpeas since before making pottery. They found other examples of Neolithic pottery in the ancient chickpeas and Hacilar in Turkey and France
, Greece, and they are in Europe.
Chickpeas are shown around AD 800 in Charlemagne’s Capitulare de villis, and Charlemangne describes how every imperial demon started growing chickpeas. Albert Magnus mentioned that chickpeas have three different colors, and Nicholas Culpeper described them as more nutritious than peas. In 1793, a German writer mentioned chickpeas as a coffee substitute. Germany has retained this knowledge and started growing chickpeas instead of coffee during the First World War, and some people continue to use it to this day.
Chickpea comes from the French word chiche and the Latin word cicere. You can find the first mention of chickpea in the English edition in 1338, and it was quoted in dictionaries in the mid-18th century. This legume most likely got its name from the French word pois chiche. As the word advanced along the English Channel, it became known as chickpea, and the plural sound was mixed with pluralization. This chickpea changed the chickpea. The word garbanzo is the Spanish term for chickpeas and means dry seed.
Nowadays chickpeas are a great source of protein for the majority of the world’s population, so knowing how to grow this versatile legume is essential. Cooked chickpeas add a large amount of protein to your diet and can make a meal very filling. They also mix well in a wide variety of dishes, which makes chickpeas a versatile ingredient. Credits: Chickpea, Julio Martinez / CC BY-NC-ND 2.0
Growing Chickpeas – Step-by-Step Guide
Growing chickpeas involves planting them in full sun. However, you can avoid putting them in a partially shaded place if you are not concerned about the effect on your overall yield. To grow them in the best possible way, you will need loose but well-drained soil with an abundant organic matter content. Adding compost to the soil will increase its nutritional value before planting. Be sure to also add some potassium and phosphorus to the soil.
You want to avoid growing chickpeas in areas where the soil has a high nitrogen content or where green manure is just growing. If you plant your chickpeas in areas with high nitrogen levels, you will get leafy and green growth instead of seed production.
General Growing Information
When growing chickpeas, they need about 100 days to reach harvest. They are a frost-tolerant plant, but grow best when daytime temperatures range between 70 and 80 ° F. Night temperature should not fall below 65 ° F. To get the right planting time, you should plant your chickpeas early in your garden. This means getting out and starting the process two to three weeks before the last frost date of spring.
Once your plants reach three to four inches tall, you’ll give them an even bigger start when growing chickpeas by planting them indoors using paper pots or peat before transplanting the plant and pot into the garden together.
When you start growing you want to pay attention to the spacing and planting of each of your chickpeas. Each plant should be between three and six inches apart and one and a half to two inches deep. To keep any successful growth six inches apart, it is essential that you thin it and remove the thinned plants from the ground level using a pair of secateurs. Doing this ensures that you do not disturb the roots, and the rows of chickpeas should be 18 to 24 inches apart.
Avoid soaking the chickpea seeds before planting, and water them thoroughly after planting so that the seeds do not deteriorate and crack. In the beginning, they can gather a little to support each other. Where do chickpeas grow best?,#How long do chickpeas take to grow?,#How do you grow chick peas?,#Can I grow chickpeas from the store?,#How many chickpeas does one plant produce?,#Can I eat chickpeas daily?,#Why chickpeas are bad for you?,#Do chickpeas cause gas?,#Can you eat chickpeas Raw?,#Are chickpeas in a pod?,#Are chickpeas and garbanzo beans the same thing?,#Are chickpeas good for you?,#Are chickpeas seeds?,#Why are chickpeas called chickpeas?,#Are chickpeas perennial?,#Is Basil a perennial?,#What do chickpeas taste like?,#Are chickpeas sustainable?,#Are chickpeas anti inflammatory?,#Are chickpeas a Superfood?,#Are chickpeas easy to digest?,#Why do my chickpeas smell?,#Can chickpeas be poisonous?,#Can undercooked chickpeas make you sick?,#How much chickpeas can I eat in a day?,#Is chickpeas good for weight loss?,#Is eating too much chickpeas bad for you?,#Does chickpeas make you fat?,#Are soaked chickpeas healthy?,#Are chickpeas high in carbs?
When growing chickpeas, it is very important to separate your plants from each other to ensure they have strong growth. They will support each other when they’re young, but as they mature they need space to spread and grow. That’s why you need to trim them regularly. Credit: Chickpeas from ICARDA – Science for Durable Livelihoods in Dry Environment / CC BY-NC-ND 2.0
Step One – Planting Your Chickpea Seeds
When you are ready to grow chickpea seeds, there are a few steps you must follow to get them to sprout and come out. To get started, prepare your paper or moss containers. You will put the seeds in a quarter inch of soil. You should start your seeds about four weeks before the expected last frost date of the season. Chickpea seeds are slightly more fragile than other species, so you need to start them indoors to give them a chance to germinate rather than outside.
You want to use biodegradable pots, as chickpea seeds tend to die when transplanting them. Instead of using plastic or ceramic pots, you can immerse these pots directly in the ground and buy them in bulk for a relatively low cost at most nurseries, garden centers or Amazon. Fill the seedling pots with a small amount of potting soil underneath and plant one seed in each pot. Plant the seed an inch or two deep into the soil.
The recommendation is to plant one seed in each pot, but you can fit two seamlessly. After you’ve planted everything, the next step to growing chickpeas is to water the soil very lightly once every day. As the weather gets warmer, you want to switch to watering twice a day. Place your seedling pots near a window, making sure it gets direct sunlight. The surface of the soil should remain moist until your chickpea seedlings begin to germinate.
Do not soak your chickpea seeds before planting them, be careful not to crack the seeds by pouring too much water as soon as you plant them in the seedling pots. It’s a good idea to plant one seed per pot, but if you have a lot you can try both. Your seedlings need a lot of sunlight to sprout and they want you to keep the soil moist. They should be between three and ten inches in height before taking them out. Image Credit: Seedlings by Steven Lilley / CC BY-SA 2.0
Step Two – Transplant Your Seedlings
Once your seedlings have sprouted and you are ready to transplant them, you will follow these steps to ensure they are healthy and continue to grow well. The first thing you want to do is choose the right location in your garden that offers full sun. The area in question will receive at least six hours of direct sunlight per day. We’ve touched on preparing your soil first, so be sure to add your compost before introducing your pots.
Keep in mind that if you don’t have a place with direct sunlight to grow chickpeas, this can affect how many chickpeas you can grow. They can survive in partial shade, but they really prefer full sun if you have space in your garden. If you live in the Southern state, shade your chickpeas during the warmer afternoon hours. Then prepare your soil.
Pick up a few handfuls of aged compost a week or a day before transplanting your chickpea pots to improve the general condition of the soil. If possible, add a fertilizer with higher amounts of potassium and phosphorus to stimulate further growth. You want to obtain soil that is not extremely heavy or compact, and you can mix it with agricultural sand, fine gravel or soil perfector to improve drainage and make it less dense.
Don’t mix algae because it can hold too much water and lead to root rot when growing chickpeas. Wait for the last frost of the season to pass and sow your chickpeas. They are frost tolerant, but if you wait for the last frost to end, you will give them the best possible chance of survival. When transplanting your seedlings, your seedlings should be four to five inches long. Your best bet is to create a small grid and make sure you keep the range uniform.
Spacing is very important for these plants, and they don’t do well together. You should carefully lay each pot five to six inches apart from each other and dig the holes for each to be as deep as the seedling pot. Some people recommend compressing them a little bit for support, but it is better to leave them spaced. The last thing you need to do when growing chickpeas is to bury the whole seedling pot in the ground. Since you dig each hole big enough to fit in the pot, you can leave the pot in the hole with the soil and plant. Cover the edges with a light layer of soil. Where do chickpeas grow best?,#How long do chickpeas take to grow?,#How do you grow chick peas?,#Can I grow chickpeas from the store?,#How many chickpeas does one plant produce?,#Can I eat chickpeas daily?,#Why chickpeas are bad for you?,#Do chickpeas cause gas?,#Can you eat chickpeas Raw?,#Are chickpeas in a pod?,#Are chickpeas and garbanzo beans the same thing?,#Are chickpeas good for you?,#Are chickpeas seeds?,#Why are chickpeas called chickpeas?,#Are chickpeas perennial?,#Is Basil a perennial?,#What do chickpeas taste like?,#Are chickpeas sustainable?,#Are chickpeas anti inflammatory?,#Are chickpeas a Superfood?,#Are chickpeas easy to digest?,#Why do my chickpeas smell?,#Can chickpeas be poisonous?,#Can undercooked chickpeas make you sick?,#How much chickpeas can I eat in a day?,#Is chickpeas good for weight loss?,#Is eating too much chickpeas bad for you?,#Does chickpeas make you fat?,#Are soaked chickpeas healthy?,#Are chickpeas high in carbs?
Do not remove any seedlings from the pot as it can cause a shocked root system and this will kill the plants. Let your chickpeas grow through their full 100-day cycle. Keep the soil around your plants moist, but don’t over water them. You will begin to see the seeds, and when they are ready to harvest, they will be roughly an inch wide by one inch long. When you plant your seedlings, you want to make sure you put the entire pot in the ground so as not to jolt the plant’s root system. Adding a thin layer of mulch will provide more protection. Credit: jalexartis Photography / 12 saplings transplanted today using CC BY 2.0
Step Three – Harvesting Your Chickpeas
When it’s time to harvest chickpeas, you have two options. Just like any other crop you grow, such as cucumbers or squash, knowing when the right harvest time is critical for the chickpea growing process. Too early and chickpeas will not reach their full potential. It’s not early enough and you risk falling.
- Fresh Harvest – If you are someone who wants to harvest your chickpeas freshly, you’ll want to pick them from pods when they are still green and immature. You can eat fresh chickpeas as you would fresh beans. Each pod contains one or three cores, and each pod is about an inch or two inches long. Dry Harvest –
- The second option you should harvest your chickpeas dry. This is a more popular method than eating fresh chickpeas. You should harvest the whole chickpea plant when the leaves begin to fade and turn brown. Place your harvested plant on a flat, warm surface and let your pods air dry naturally in a warm, well-ventilated place. A patio or sunbathing room is a great choice. When the pods open, you can harvest the seeds.
Having the right conditions for drying your chickpeas will make them last longer than you would leave them fresh. To keep it longer, you can semi-cook and freeze. Credit: Chickpea! By Melted_snowball / CC BY-NC-ND 2.0
Growing Chickpeas – General Care Guidelines
Germination and cultivation of chickpeas is only half the battle when it comes to chickpea cultivation. There are a few general care instructions you should know. Following these will help you get a healthy plant crop and a full chickpea harvest.
Create a Regular Watering Schedule
Water your chickpeas regularly using the rainwater you collect or the water from the hose. In most cases, regular rainfall is enough water for these plants, but you’ll want to water them twice a week as they start to warm and dry. When you water twice a week, your chickpeas should form pods and bloom. Avoid over-watering your plants as they are prone to mold and this could kill the plant.
Also, be careful to water your plants directly at ground level rather than using an overhead shower. Once the pods mature to grow chickpeas and the plants naturally begin to die off, you can reduce the irrigation schedule. Water your plants once a week instead of twice a week. You can even go every two weeks to encourage the drying process.
Mulch as Needed
If your air starts to warm after planting your chickpeas, you need to add a light layer all over the stems of the plant. When growing chickpeas, they love moist soil and mulch helps to retain water. Mulch will trap water close to the soil to prevent plants from drying out when they get six to eight hours of sunlight.
Carefully Fertilize the Plants
At the halfway point of growing chickpeas, you may want to add an organic material such as aged compost to the soil right around your plants. Avoid using fertilizers rich in nitrogen. If there is too much nitrogen in the soil, it can lead to leaves that are much thicker than they should be, which can reduce your yield. Using a fertilizer spreader is a great way to ensure that you cover all your plants evenly.
Choosing a solid fertilizer helps increase the nutrients in the soil to nourish your chickpeas so they grow and thrive all season long. Credit: Fertilizer Bags by UGA CAES / Extension / CC BY-NC 2.0
Handle with Care
When adding fertilizer or organic matter to the soil or pulling weeds, you must be very careful not to damage the plant. You can easily corrupt root systems and cause shock. The root system of this plant is very shallow so it is easy to hit. When your chickpeas are wet, avoid handling them as this encourages fungal growth and the spread of fungal spores.
Manage Pests Quickly
Part of growing chickpeas is managing pests because they are very vulnerable to several different species. Instead of trying to pre-treat the plants, you should wait until you see the pests. If you have any loose debris in your garden, get rid of it as this could cause pests to come and infect your plants.
Keep an Eye Out for Disease Signs
These plants are also very prone to developing diseases that tend to spread rapidly from one plant to another. You can avoid disease outbreaks while growing chickpeas by clearing the plant bed of loose debris. Don’t handle your chickpeas while they’re wet, and you want to make a point to get rid of diseased plants quickly so they don’t spread. You can trash or burn diseased plants, but keep them away from your compost bin. Common diseases include:
- Anthracnose – Anthracnose is a fungal disease that can affect many plants, including trees, fruits, and vegetables. It causes sunken, dark lesions on the stems, leaves and pods of your chickpeas. It can survive in infected plant debris, making its spread very fast.
- Blight – Blight can indicate injury or disease of the plant, but this is a fungal infection. It will cause your plant’s stems, flowers or leaves to turn brown, yellow, fade, spot or die. Mosaic – This is a virus that can affect over 150 species of plants, and this includes flowers, vegetables, and fruits.
- The leaves will turn a mottled color with white, yellow and dark or light green spots and streaks. It spreads very quickly.
Uses for Chickpeas
Now that you know all about growing chickpeas, you’ll want to know about some of their uses. Chickpeas act as a filler in animal feeds and people use them as a staple in their diets. Eating raw chickpeas may be slightly healthier than eating raw peas or other similar legumes. A big advantage of growing chickpeas for animal consumption is that it has no side effects.
They can let the animals grow and start producing milk just as they are on a cereal or soy diet. When it comes to human consumption, growing chickpeas ensures you get a very nutrient-dense food that gives you the recommended daily amount of folate, dietary fiber, and minerals such as phosphorus and iron. Chickpeas also come with thiamine, zinc, magnesium, and vitamin B6. If you choose to cook your chickpeas with other Mediterranean spices, you will get a high amino acid content. Cooking chickpeas to eat them is a very simple and easy process.
It usually involves boiling for 10 minutes before it starts to boil. If you have dried chickpeas that you want to cook, you should cook it for one to two hours. However, if you leave your dried chickpeas for 12 to 24 hours before cooking, you can cut your cooking time in half. Turn off the water routinely. Chickpeas are a very nutritious additive to a wide variety of dishes and are particularly popular in soups and thick stews. Credit: chorizo with ready-made chickpeas / CC BY-NC 2.0 by eltpics You can also eat your chickpeas raw and they are a very popular ingredient in salads.
You find chickpeas in hummus a lot, and this makes them a quick and easy addition to an inexpensive meal. You can prepare hummus by cooking chickpeas and turning them into a thick dough. Chickpeas will burst and make you eat them like popcorn. You can grind them into a fine flour or add them to peppers, stews, and soups. If you have a large chickpea harvest and there is no way to use it all before it spoils, you can store it. Part of growing chickpeas stores them. If you want to store a small amount of cooked chickpeas in your refrigerator, you can put them in a plastic zip bag or in a sealed airtight container.
Drain all the liquid. They will continue this way for up to four days. A second option you have is to freeze your harvest when you have finished growing chickpeas. When you cook the beans until they’re half-hard, you want to remove as much moisture as possible. Pat dry with a few paper towels. Put the chickpeas in a Ziplock bag that you will spread out in one layer. If you put each other on top of each other, they will stick to each other. Put the chickpeas in the freezer in one layer and you can stack them on top of each other to save space.
Growing chickpeas is a time-consuming process, but you can get a huge harvest if you get the growing conditions correct. I’ve outlined everything you need to know about growing chickpeas, and you can take this information and apply it to your own crop.